HomeBBC NEWSTech"Art is dead Dude" - the rise of the AI artists stirs...

    “Art is dead Dude” – the rise of the AI artists stirs debate


    Art revolutions are nothing new, but some believe that this one could be the end.

    “Art is dead Dude”, Jason M Allen told the New York Times.

    Mr. Allen was the winner of the Colorado Art Fair’s “Emerging Digital Artist” category.

    His winning piece, “Théâtre D’opéra Spatial,” was created using Midjourney, an artificial intelligence system that creates images by simply entering a few text prompts – such as “Astronaut on horseback. “.

    Many artists were outraged, but Mr. Allen was unmoved: “It’s over. Artificial intelligence wins. Humans lost,” he told the newspaper.

    Mr. Allen earned only $300 (£262) from the contest, but the news struck a nerve.

    Some artists are already worried that a new type of artificial intelligence image generator could take their jobs and hitch a ride through the years of learning their craft.

    “This thing wants our work and it’s aggressively anti-artist,” wrote California film and game concept artist RJ Palmer in a tweet that was liked more than 25,000 times.

    In the Twitter post, he highlighted how well the output of the AI system can mimic living artists. In one case he examined, the AI even tried to replicate the artist’s signature.

    The output of these AI systems is impressive, but they are built on the output of flesh-and-blood creators – their AI is trained on millions of artificial images.

    Emad Mostaque, founder of Stable Diffusion, a recently launched open-source AI image generator, told me that it learns from compressed files of “100,000 GB of images” crawled from the Internet.

    Mr. Mostaque, a computer scientist with a background in technology and finance, sees Stable Diffusion as a “generative search engine.

    Google Image Search shows you images that already exist, while Stable Diffusion shows you anything you can imagine.

    “It’s a Star Trek holographic deck moment,” he says.

    Image caption,An image created by DALL-E an AI art programme from OpenAI

    Artists have always learned from and been influenced by others – “great artists steal,” as the saying goes – but Mr. Palmer says AI doesn’t just find inspiration from other artists’ work: “It’s somehow directly stealing their essence. But Mr. Palmer says AI doesn’t just look to other artists’ work for inspiration: “It’s somehow directly stealing their essence.

    Artificial intelligence can replicate a style in seconds: “Now, if an artist wants to replicate my style, they might spend a week trying to replicate it,” Mr. Palmer told me.

    “That’s a person spending a week creating one thing. With this machine, you can produce hundreds of pieces a week.”

    But Mr. Mostak said he wasn’t worried about putting artists out of work – the project is a tool similar to Microsoft’s spreadsheet software, Excel, he noted – and “didn’t put accountants out of work, and I still pay my accountant.”

    So what message does he have for young artists worried about their future careers, perhaps in illustration or design? “My message to them is, ‘Illustration and design work is very boring.’ It’s not about art, you’re a tool.”

    He advises them to use new technology to find opportunities: “This is an industry that is going to grow massively. If you want to make money, make money from this industry, it will be more interesting”.

    And there are already artists using AI art to get inspired and make money.

    OpenAI says their DALL-E AI system is used by more than 3,000 artists from more than 118 countries.

    There are even graphic novels created using AI. The author of one of them calls the technology “a collaborator who can excite and surprise you in the creative process.

    But despite the outrage over the way AI is using artists’ work, experts say legal challenges can be difficult.

    Professor Lionel Bently, director of the Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Law at the University of Cambridge, said that in the United Kingdom “using someone else’s style is not generally an infringement of copyright.

    Professor Bently told me that artists need to prove that the AI’s output has reproduced a significant part of their original creative expression in the particular artwork used to train the AI.

    Even when possible – and not many artists can afford to fight such legal battles.

    The Design and Artists Copyright Society (DACS), which collects fees on behalf of artists for the use of their images, is concerned.

    I asked Reema Selhi, DACS’s head of policy, if artists’ livelihoods were at stake. “Absolutely,” she said.

    DACS is not opposed to the use of artificial intelligence in art, but Ms. Selhi wants artists whose work is used by AI image systems to make money to be fairly rewarded and to have control over how their work is used.

    “For artists […] there are no safeguards in place to identify the work being used in the database and opt out,” she added.

    When images are grabbed from the Internet for use in training artificial intelligence, artists may claim copyright infringement – although legal experts I interviewed cited many reasons why such claims might fail.

    Ms. Selhi said the proposed changes to U.K. law would make it easier for AI companies to legally rip artists’ work from the Internet-something DACS opposes.

    Mr. Mostak said he understood the artists’ fears and frustrations, noting that “you see this in photography, too.

    He said the project is working with “leaders in the technology industry to create a mechanism through which artists can upload their portfolios and ask that their styles not be used in online services that use this and similar technologies.

    Deep fakes, porn and bias

    Google has previously created an artificial intelligence that can create images based on textual prompts. Called Imagen, it was never made available to the public for testing because of the “potential risk of misuse.

    Google warned that the crawled image datasets used to train the AI often include pornography, reflect social stereotypes, and contain “derogatory or otherwise harmful associations with marginalized identity groups.

    Recently, Techcrunch reported on concerns that stable proliferation could be used to create non-consensual pornography, so-called deepfakes and other problematic images.

    Mr. Mostak said such unethical use “violates the terms of the license. He said the software has filtered out attempts to create unsafe images, although someone tech-savvy could fix the problem.

    But he said the onus is on “someone to do something illegal” and that other existing tools can be abused, such as Photoshop’s merge tool that allows someone to use “Photoshop to put someone’s head on a naked body.

    Art or goo?

    Science fiction artist Simon Stålenhag tweeted that AI art reveals “a derivative, generative sticky substance …… our new technological overlords want to feed us.

    There are also a number of prominent figures associated with the development of technology. Elon Musk, the “king of technology”, is himself a supporter of OpenAI.

    They say that DALL-E, far from being a “derivative sticky thing,” contributes to human creativity and produces “unique, original images that have never existed before.

    Finally, I called contemporary artist and broadcaster Bob-and-Roberta-Smith (the name belongs to only one artist).

    He has worked in major galleries and will be making an art acquisition of the Tate Modern store in London in October.

    He works mainly in old-fashioned physical media, but he thinks AI could be an interesting area of artistic activity in a mixed tradition.

    But policymakers need to set the right rules, he says, “so no one feels they’re being extorted” and that money isn’t just being siphoned off from artists and into the pockets of big companies.

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